Prevalence of depression and anxiety in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in tertiary care hospital
Keywords:Anxiety, Depression, Tertiary care hospital, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Background: The prevalence of depression and anxiety in diabetes is considerably higher than normal population and found to have a negative impact on diabetes. Objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety and to identify their associated risk factors among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: Descriptive study was done in Endocrine and medicine outpatient Department of Vijaya Hospital in Belagavi, South India. Total 384 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were interviewed for depression and anxiety by administering the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Results: Of the total 384 patients surveyed, depression and anxiety were found in 32.56%. (95%CI 27.8-37.2%) and 37.76% (95% CI 33.1-42.9%) respectively. In Multiple Logistic regression analysis age, unmarried, religion, duration of type II diabetes and type of treatment were significantly associated with depression symptoms, Anxiety symptoms were associated with age, Qualification, Occupation, Religion, Duration and type of treatment.
Conclusions: This study found a high prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with Type 2 DM. Therefore, the care of individuals with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) should include the screening and possible treatment of depression and anxiety in order to achieve and sustain treatment goals.
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