Prevalence of menstrual morbidity in adolescents girls: a cross sectional study


  • Kanmani Karthikkeyan Department of Physiology, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Nirmala N. Department of Physiology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Thirumalai Kolundhu Subramanian P. Institute of General Medicine, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Charumathi V. Department of Physiology, Government Thiruvarur Medical College, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dharani B. Department of Physiology, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India



Adolescent girls, Menstrual dysfunction, Menstrual morbidity, Premenstrual syndrome


Background: Menstruation is said to be a physiological process in women. The word ‘menstruation’ was derived from a Latin word ‘menses’. Menstrual dysfunction was found to affect 75% of adolescent girls which includes dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia and irregular cycles. Premenstrual syndrome constitutes a group of physical and emotional symptoms which occurs one week before menstrual cycle. It was found to be a cycle disorder which appears in the luteal phase. Adolescent girls are at high risk of developing premenstrual syndrome. Because of menstrual dysfunction and premenstrual syndrome, the adolescent girls are at high risk of menstrual morbidity.

Methods: After getting approval from institutional ethical committee of Madras Medical College, the study was carried out in adolescent girls. The study was carried out by giving questionnaire in nearly 505 students for the duration of 6 months. The study participants were explained about the study. The questionnaire was structured so as to obtain information regarding the age at menarche, duration of cycle, awareness about menstruation, source of information regarding menstruation, practices during menstrual cycles, regarding menstrual problems and treatment practices.

Results: The average age of participants was 17 years with an SD of 1.5. of 505 participants, about 6% had 45 days frequency, 10% had 38 days frequency and 2% had 60 days frequency of menstrual cycle. It was found around 1% had 8 days duration and 3% had 9 days duration of menstrual cycle. About 13% of Participants had mild flow, 7% had severe flow and 20% had variable quantity of menstrual flow.

Conclusions: From this study, it was found that menstrual dysfunction were prevalent among adolescent girls. These were found to cause menstrual morbidity among adolescent girls. Hence it is necessary to educate and create awareness about menstrual morbidity among adolescent girls. 


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How to Cite

Karthikkeyan, K., N., N., Subramanian P., T. K., V., C., & B., D. (2020). Prevalence of menstrual morbidity in adolescents girls: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 8(3), 863–867.



Original Research Articles