DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20201326

Study of correlation between adequacy of dialysis and glycemic control in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus with chronic kidney disease stage 5

Samrat Mitra, Sanghita Barui

Abstract


Background: The adequacy of haemodialysis in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus with chronic kidney disease stage 5 depends on several clinical as well as laboratory parameters. Previous studies from Western literature have identified several clinical and laboratory markers for predicting adequacy of dialysis. There is a dearth of literature regarding the same in Indian patient populace. Authors aimed to find correlation, if any, between glycemic control and adequacy of dialysis in this cohort of patients.

Methods: A set of 200 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus who have undergone hemodialysis at a tertiary care hospital were included in the study. Random blood sugar (RBS), Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were measured at admission. After 4 hours of dialysis, the urea reduction ratio (URR) and Kt/V was measured for each patient. The correlation coefficient as well as linear equation of the association between these variables were calculated. Standard statistical method and software were used in the process.

Results: The study revealed a linear negative correlation between the variables RBS, HbA1c and URR as well as Kt/V. This suggests the importance of pre dialysis glycemic control in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Conclusions: Authors formulate the hypothesis that glycated hemoglobin and random blood sugar at admission correlate well with the outcome and adequacy of dialysis in patients of stage 5 chronic kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis.  Good glycemic control (HbA1c <6.5 % and RBS <120 mg/dL) have shown to be important predictive markers of adequate dialysis. The hypothesis needs to be tested with a larger study.


Keywords


Adequacy, Chronic kidney disease, Glycated hemoglobin, Haemodialysis, Kt/V, Random blood sugar, Urea reduction ratio

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References


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