DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20202237

Impact of 18F-FDG PET/CT on the staging of patients with non-small cell lung cancer

Ngo Minh Xuan, Huynh Quang Huy

Abstract


Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 80% of new diagnoses of pulmonary carcinoma. This study investigated the correlation between 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in computerized tomography integrated positron emission tomography and tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis in patients with NSCLC.

Methods: The records of 318 NSCLC patients (220 male, 98 females; mean age 60.94 years) were evaluated retrospectively.

Results: 278 cases were adenocarcinomas; 28 squamous cell carcinomas; and 12 large cell carcinoma. When the cases were categorized according to tumor size (group 1, ≤3 cm; group 2, >3 and ≤5 cm; group 3, >5 cm), the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was significantly lower in groups 1 and 2 compared with group 3 (p<0,001 for each). Considering all cases, tumor SUVmax was not correlated with age, gender or histopathological type. Lymph node metastases were seen in 250 cases: 80.2% of these were adenocarcinomas, 71.4% squamous cell carcinomas, and 58.3% large cell carcinomas. Neither lymph node involvement nor distant metastases were correlated with tumor SUVmax, although lymph node size was positively correlated with lymph node SUVmax (r=0.758; p<0.001).

Conclusions: SUVmax was significantly associated with tumor size, but not with distant metastases or lymph node involvement. Therefore, SUVmax on positron emission tomography is not predictive of the presence of metastases.

 

Keywords


Computed tomography, Non-small cell lung cancer, Positron emission tomography, Standardized uptake value

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