Quran recitation therapy reduces the depression levels of hemodialysis patients

Musthika W. Mashitah, Kumoro A. Lenggono


Background: Depression is one of the serious neuropsychiatric complications in CKD patients because of its high prevalence, leading to decline in the quality of life, and the potential to increase the risk of death. The psycho spiritual therapy that potential to be developed for provide support and decrease depression level is Quran recitation therapy. But studies on the effectiveness of Quran recitation therapy are still limited. The aim of this study was to reveal the effect of Quran recitation therapy on depression level of CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis in Hemodialysis Unit of dr. Soepraoen Hospital, Malang, Indonesia.

Methods: This study was a quasy-experimental that compared the decrease of depression score level between treatment (n=14) and control group (n=14) before and after Quran recitation therapy. The subjects were CKD patients with hemodialysis who had moderate and severe depression based on screening results using BDI (Beck's Depression Inventory). Treatment group got Quran recitation therapy twice with one week interval. Data was analyzed using independent t-test.

Results: The depression score in the treatment group showed a significantly higher reduction than the control group. Decrease level of depression in the treatment group was 17.43±9.00, while in the control group 7±7.19 (p=0.002, p<0.05).

Conclusions: This results show that Quran recitation therapy is an effective non-pharmacological therapy to overcome depression in CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis. This study adds the evidence based practice of Quran recitation therapy as Islamic psychotherapy in the clinical setting.


Depression, Hemodialysis patient, Quran recitation therapy

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