DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20203458

Clinical profile of dengue fever infection in patients admitted in NC Medical College, Haryana in the year 2019

Mohd Y. Shah, Faisal Y. Shah, Ifrah S. Kitab, Faizan Y. Shah

Abstract


Background: Dengue infections can result in a wide spectrum of disease severity ranging from an influenza-like illness (dengue fever; DF) to the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS). The study was aimed to compare the clinical profile of all patients diagnosed with dengue viral infection at NCMC.

Methods: This retrospective study included 24 patients infected with dengue virus, aged 19 years to 45 years. Laboratory and haematological data were included.

Results Peak of infection occurred in November 2019 and no cases were recorded in October 2019. Common clinical symptoms were fever, joint pains, headache and rash. Common haematological abnormalities were thrombocytopenia. All patients survived. There was no case of dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.

Conclusions: Significant differences in the clinical profile is possibly because of infection with different serotypes of dengue virus (DENV), concurrent/sequential infection of more than one serotype, and differences in host immune responses associated with host genetic variations.


Keywords


Dengue fever, Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Thrombocytopenia

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