Published: 2020-07-24

Age-related hearing loss and its association with central obesity: experience at a tertiary centre

Utkarsh Agrawal, Anjali Singh, Ashvanee Chaudhary, Vishwambhar Singh


Background: Presbycusis is a slow, progressive, age-related sensorineural hearing loss, which is insidious, slow, progressive and irreversible disease and usually affects high pitch sound. It can be associated with various factors. Obesity is such a modifiable factor and its independent role with age-related hearing loss needs to be explored.

Methods: This is a prospective study carried out over a period of three years in department of otorhinolaryngology at study institute. It included 1000 cases with symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss.

Results: Among obese cases, high frequency hearing loss was found in significantly large number of cases. The most common audiogram in both male and female was Abrupt high tone loss type, irrespective of presence or absence of obesity.

Conclusions: Obesity is a modifiable factor which has a significant association with high frequency hearing loss among the elderly population.


Age related hearing loss, Obesity, Presbycusis, Sensorineural hearing loss

Full Text:



Age-related hearing loss. National Institute on deafness and other communication disorders. Available at: hearing/Pages/Age-Related-Hearing-Loss.aspx. Accessed on 20th May 2020.

Joo Y, Hong OS, Wallhagen M. The risk factors for age-related hearing loss: an integrative. Ann Gerontol Geriat Res. 2016;11.

Rigters SC, van der Schroeff MP, Papageorgiou G, Baatenburg de Jong RJ, Goedegebure A. Progression of hearing loss in the aging population: repeated auditory measurements in the rotterdam study. Audiol Neurotol. 2018;23(5):290-7.

Van Eyken E, Van Camp G, Van Laer L. The complexity of age-related hearing impairment: contributing environmental and genetic factors. Audiol Neurotol. 2007;12(6):345-58.

Hwang JH, Wu CC, Hsu CJ, Liu TC, Yang WS. Association of central obesity with the severity and audiometric configurations of age-related hearing impairment. Obesity. 2009;17(9):1796-801.

Ma WY, Yang CY, Shih SR, Hsieh HJ, Hung CS, Chiu FC, et al. Measurement of waist circumference. Diabet Care. 2013;36(6):1660-6.

Croll PH, Voortman T, Vernooij MW, Baatenburg de Jong RJ, Lin FR, Rivadeneira F, et al. The association between obesity, diet quality and hearing loss in older adults. Aging (Albany NY). 2019;11(1):48-62.

Curhan SG, Eavey R, Wang M, Stampfer MJ, Curhan GC. Body mass index, waist circumference, physical activity, and risk of hearing loss in women. The Am J Med. 2013;126(12):1142.e1-1142.e8.

Krishnappa S, Naseeruddin K. A clinical study of age-related hearing loss among diabetes patients. Indian J Otol. 2014;20(4):160.

Yikawe SS, Iseh KR, Sabir AA, Inoh MI, Solomon JH, Aliyu N. Cardiovascular risk factors and hearing loss among adults in a tertiary center of Northwestern Nigeria. World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 20178;4(4):253-7.

Tang TH, Hwang JH, Yang TH, Hsu CJ, Wu CC, Liu TC. Can nutritional intervention for obesity and comorbidities slow down age-related hearing impairment? Nutrient. 2019;11(7):1668.