Comparison of mortality rate between bipolar hemiarthroplasty and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation for intertrochanteric fractures in Sanglah hospital, Bali
Keywords:Hip fracture, Intertrochanteric fracture, Bipolar hemiarthroplasty, PFNA, Mortality
Introduction: Intertrochanteric fractures occur in about 50% of all hip fracture events, with a mortality rate within 1 year after fracture reaching 15 to 20%. The most common treatment nowadays is either the bipolar hemiarthroplasty procedure or proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA), although there is still no consensus regarding which is better from the two, especially on patient mortality.
Method: This study was an observational study using a retrospective cohort design. A total of 102 study subjects who met the inclusion requirements were grouped into 2 groups, one with bipolar hemiarthroplasty fixation treatment and another with PFNA fixation treatment. Mortality rate was recorded by survey 2 years after surgery.
Result: Chi-square test showed that 2-year mortality rate after intertrochanteric fracture treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty (21.4%) was significantly higher than the PFNA group (10.3%)
(p=0.028). Bipolar hemiarthroplasty group also had longer length of stay (LoS) (50%) than the PFNA group (32.4%), albeit statistically insignificant (p=0.13). There was no significant difference between the 2-year mortality rate and LoS (p=0.976).
Conclusion: Patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty have significantly higher 2-year mortality rate than similar patients underwent fixation with PFNA, while they did not experience higher LoS than the PFNA group. Future prospective, multi-center study with larger sample size will be likely to validate similar fixation choice needed to decrease the mortality rate in intertrochanteric fractures.
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