Correlation of body mass index and age of menopause in women attending medicine and gynaecology department of a tertiary care centre
Keywords:BMI, Menopause, Weight, Obesity
Background: Menopause is a physiological change that every woman experiences in her life. Some find it extremely troublesome and for some it is a gradual change .Multiple factors determine the age at which menopause occurs, also deciding the course of menopause. How do height, weight and body mass index affect the same is the basis of this research.
Methods: 500 women who underwent natural menopause were examined to assess their height and weight. The body mass index was henceforth calculated. The results were statistically analysed using Pearson correlation.
Results: The age of menopause varied with the increasing height, weight and BMI. Though no statistical significance was found in between height and age of menopause, there was a definite correlation between weight and BMI of the women.
Conclusions: Time long obesity and higher BMI is known for being associated with many diseases like hypertension, diabetes, metabolic syndrome etc. This study indicates how it affects the physiologic change i.e. menopause also. Women with higher BMI tend to have higher age of attaining menopause.
Menopause: resource review- ACOG. Available at: http://www.acog.org/ Womens-Health/ Menopause.
Ellen B. Gold, The Timing of the Age at Which Natural Menopause Occurs, Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2011;38(3):425-40.
Gonzales GF, Villena A. Age at menopause in central Andean Peruvian women. Menopause. 1997;4:32-8.
Scragg RFR. Menopause and reproductive span in rural Nuigini. Proc Ann Symp Papua New Guinea Med Soc. 1973:126-44.
Akahoshi M, Soda M, Nakashima E, Tominaga T, Ichimaru S, Seto S, et al. The effects of body mass index on age at menopause. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002;26(7):961-8.
Blew RM, Sardinha LB, Milliken LA, Teixeira PJ, Going SB, Ferreira DL, et al. assessing the validity of body mass index standards in early postmenopausal women; Obesity research. 2002;10(8):799-808.
Hejazi J, Kolahi S, Mohtadinia J. The relationship between age, weight, BMI, postmenopausal age and bone mineral density in post-menopausal women; the journal of shahid sadough university of medical sciences, winter. 2009;16(4).
Brand PC, Lehert PH. A new way of looking at environmental variables that may affect the age at menopause. Maturitas. 1978;1:121–32.
Tan MN, Mehtap Kartal, Dilek Gulda: The effect of physical activity and body mass index on menopausal symptoms in Turkish women: a cross-sectional study in primary care; BMC Women’s health, online March. 2014.
Nagata C, Takatsuka N, Inaba S, Kawakami N, Shimizu H. Association of diet and other lifestyle with onset of menopause in Japanese women. Maturitas. 1998;29:105-13
Practical nutrition therapy, pg 49: A practical guide to Diabetes Mellitus; 7th edition 2016.