DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20205306

Hip fractures in elderly with evaluation of risk factors

Sakib Arfee, Asma Jabeen, Akib Arfee, Adnan Aadil Arfee

Abstract


Background: Fractures in the neck and Perirtrochanteric region of hip contribute significantly to health problem globally. Primary occurrence in elderly osteoporotic people and create a major socioeconomical and public health problem. Almost every such fractures require surgery, hospitalization, and prolonged rehabilitation. The objective of the study was to evaluate the risk factors of hip fractures among the elderly population.

Methods: This observational study was conducted among the elderly patients admitted in the department of orthopedics Government Medical College Jammu. Elderly patients regardless of sex and education admitted with hip fractures from August 2019 to July 2020 were included in the study.

Results: There were 330 patients admitted with hip injuries. Among these 330 patients admitted with hip fractures, 205 (62.12%) were females and 125 (37.88%) males, mean age was 72.8 years. Age limit was >60 and <100 years. Majority of the patients i.e., 192 (58.18%) were in between the age group of 60 to 79 years.

Conclusions: Increasing age is directly proportional to increasing incidence of hip fractures. This proportional rise can be reduced with early steps for prevention of osteoporosis and hence ultimately alleviate the disability and burden of the disease.


Keywords


Hip fracture, Elderly population, Public health problem

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