Outcome of management of intracapsular fracture neck of femur in young adult patients

Sakib Arfee, Asma Jabeen, Akib Arfee, Adnan Aadil Arfee


Background: Almost four centuries back fracture neck of femur was described, but till today this fracture is unsolved, though situation has largely improved from the days of Sir Astley Cooper, who had said “I have never met one in whom union had taken place”. High incidence of complications with this fracture even in modern day show that we still have not found way to treat this fracture appropriately and its treatment remains a challenging problem. The objective of the study was to assess the final outcome of management of intracapsular fracture neck of femur in young adult patients after internal fixation.

Methods: This study has been conducted at Orthopedic Department of Government Medical College and hospital, Jammu from 2018 to 2020. 30 young adult patients with fractures neck of femur treated with CCS (27 patients) and DHS (3 patients) after taking informed consent were selected for the study.

Results: 30 young adult patients in age group of 18-60 years, constituted this study. 27 patients were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with CCS (group A) and 3 patients were treated with DHS (group B). 3 patients were lost to the follow up, all of them from group A.

Conclusions: DHS appears to be more forgiving implant than CCS in fracture neck of femur in young adult patients. However number in this group is very small and hence larger studies are needed. In fixation with CCS anatomical reduction of fracture, proper screw placement is the most important criterion for achieving better results.


Neck of femur fracture, Young adults, Management and outcome

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