DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20205426

Study of coronary artery disease in young population of Central India

Vikas A. Mishra, Amit B. Kinare, Jayanta Pal, Vishwa Deepak Tripathi, Ravi Shankar Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Jain

Abstract


Background: Coronary heart disease is the most common indication among cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. According to global burden of disease study estimates, nearly 24.8% of all deaths in India are attributable to CVD. Objectives of the current research study were to establish a correlation between varied risk factors and coronary artery disease (CAD), to determine angiographic characteristics individually in patients with multiple risk factors and to evaluate number of vessels involved in CAD.

Methods: Present study was a prospective study conducted on 50 patients with acute coronary syndrome below 40 yrs of age admitted at the department of cardiology, Superspeciality hospital, NSCB medical college, Jabalpur. All patients included in the study were subjected to coronary angiography. The angiographic characteristics such as extent of CAD (characterized by the number of vessels with angiographic lesions) were determined.

Results: Current study findings depicted that most of CAD patients were in age group of 36-40 years. Proportion of males was higher than females. One-fifth of patients were diabetics and 34.0% were hypertensive. It was observed that 54.0% CAD patients had history of smoking and 32.0% had history of premature CAD. Most of patients exhibited single vessel disease in CAG and left anterior descending (LAD) was the most commonly involved artery.

Conclusions: Smoking was concluded as one of the major risk factor associated with CAD and most of patients exhibited single vessel disease, LAD being the most commonly involved artery. Significant number of patients with family history depicted high risk for CAD. Males were concluded to be more prone to CAD at younger age.


Keywords


Coronary artery disease, Indian population, Obstructive and non-obstructive coronary artery disease, Coronary microvascular disease

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