DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20210867

Correlation between sleep quality and physical fitness among medical students of Udayana University

Erick K. Tandiono, Luh P. R. Sundari, I. Dewa A. I. D. Primayanti, I. Putu G. Adiatmika

Abstract


Background: The development of era has caused many declines in the quality of human health for all people, especially students. Sedentary behavior plays an important role in affecting sleep quality for a student. Sleep quality has a lot of correlations with various aspects, such as physical fitness. Good quality sleep will give an opportunity for the body to restore muscular strength, prolong the life of body cells, increase well-being, and leading to good physical fitness as well. Objective of the study was to find out the correlation between sleep quality and physical fitness among medical students of Udayana University.

Methods: This research was an observational study with a cross-sectional method using the PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) questionnaires and HST (Harvard Step Test) to 50 respondents.

Results: Fisher's Exact Test results showed no relationship (p>0.05) between sleep quality and physical fitness in medical students. This condition can be influenced by several other factors such as genetic factors, physical activity, nutritional status as seen from the percentage of fat, lifestyle, and psychological conditions.

Conclusions: There is no correlation between sleep quality and physical fitness among medical student of Udayana University. Further research is needed related to other factors that affect medical student’s physical fitness.

 


Keywords


Harvard step test, Medical student, Physical fitness, Pittsburgh sleep quality index, Sleep quality

Full Text:

PDF

References


1. Buckworth J, Nigg C. Physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behavior in college students. J Am Coll Heal. 2004;53(1):28-34.

Egi E, Prastiwi S, Putri RM. Relationship of sleep disturbance with the private vocational school of princess adolescent at vocational school of Kertha Wisata Kelurahan Tlogomas Kecamatan Lowokwaru Malang. Nurs News. 2017;2(1):292-303.

Watson N, Badr M, Belenky G, Bliwise D, Buxton O, Buysse D, et al. Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult: a joint consensus statement of the American Academy of sleep medicine and sleep research society. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015;11(6):591-2.

Tantri IN, Sundari LPR. Relationship between gender, cafein consumption, alone, and hours of betting to sleep with bad quality of students in denpasar city. Med Udayana. 2019;8(7):9.

Nashori F, Diana RR. The differences of sleep quality and quality of dreams between male and female students. Humanit Indones Psychol J. 2005;2(2):77-88.

Ohayon M, Wickwire EM, Hirshkowitz M, Albert SM, Avidan A, Daly FJ, et al. National Sleep Foundation’s sleep quality recommendations: first report. Sleep Heal. 2017;3:6-19.

Nurhasan. Kebugaran A. Hubungan antara status gizi dengan tingkat kebugaran jasmani siswa kelas atas di sdit utsman bin affan Surabaya. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2018;6(2):433-7.

Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Castillo MJ, Sjöström M. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: A powerful marker of health. Int J Obes. 2008;32(1):1-11.

Vanhees L, Lefevre J, Philippaerts R, Martens M, Huygens W, Troosters T, et al. How to assess physical activity? How to assess physical fitness? Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2005;12(2):102-14.

Ismaryati. Tes dan Pengukuran Olahraga. Sukarta: Lembaga Pengembangan Pendidikan (LPP) dan UPT Penerbitan dan Percetakan UNS (UNS Press); 2008. Available at: https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=4639YzUAAAAJ&hl=id. Accessed on 20 September 2020.

Caspersen CJ, Powell KE, Christenson GM. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Rep. 1985;100(2):126-31.

Suryanto, Sutapa P. Assessment of the physical fresh test with ACSPFT and TKJI. Medikora. 2006;2(2):147-60.

Putra RAK. The relationship between the quality of sleep with the physical fitness of class viii students in the first school of state 1 mlati sleman. Yogyakarta; 2019.

Safaringga E, Herpandika RP. The relationship between physical fitness and sleep quality. Sportif. 2018;4(2):235-47.

Lee AJY, Lin WH. Association between sleep quality and physical fitness in female young adults. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2007;47(4):462-7.

Anggraini BR. The relationship between sleep duration and body fitness level in 2013 students of the Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Indonesia. 2013.

Wood R. Harvard Step Test. Available at https://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/step-harvard.htm. Accessed on 30 August 2020.

Joyner MJ. Genetic approaches for sports performance : how far away are we? Available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01164-z. Accessed on 4 September 2020.

Nurhasan. Tips Praktis Menjaga Kebugaran Jasmani. Gresik: Abil Pustaka. 2011:19.

Mustakim IS. Kebugaran dan Faktornya pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta. J Publ Kesehat Masy Indones. 2019;6(3):91-6.

Ardiyani D. Hubungan Antara Tingkat Aktivitas Jasmani dengan Kesegaran Jasmani Siswa Putri Kelas VIII SMP N 3 Depok Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta; 2016.

Vania ER, Pradigdo SF, Nugraheni SA. Hubungan Gaya Hidup, Status Gizi dan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Tingkat Kesegaran Jasmani. J Kesehat Masy. 2018;6(1):449-57.

Putri H. Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kebugaran pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Tahun 2015. Jakarta; 2015.

Listyanto A. Hubungan kebiasaan merokok dengan tingkat kebugaran jasmani. J Pendidik Olahraga dan Kesehat. 2015;3(1):208-10.

Kurniawan ND. Hubungan tingkat stress dan gaya hidup sehat dengan kebugaran jasmani pada mahasiswa semester awal jurusan pendidikan olahraga dan kesehatan universitas sebelas maret surakarta tahun 2011. Surakarta; 2012.

Salamah R, Kartini A, Rahfiludin MZ. Hubungan asupan zat gizi , aktivitas fisik , dan persentase lemak tubuh dengan kebugaran jasmani. Media Kesehat Masy Indones. 2019;18(2):14-8.

Alamsyah DA, Hestiningsih R, Saraswati LD. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kebugaran jasmani pada remaja siswa kelas xi smk negeri 11 semarang. J Kesehat Masy. 2017;5(3):77-86.