Prevalence of flat foot among medical students and its impact on quality of life and functionality


  • G. Pavan Kalyan Reddy Employees’ State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Prajakta Kishve Department of Anatomy, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India



Arch index, Flat foot, Foot posture index, Navicular drop test


Background: Flat foot also called pes planus/fallen arches is common deformity in adults. The present study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of flat foot among medical students and to find out the association of flat foot with age, gender, body mass index (BMI), foot length and its impact on quality of life and functionality.

Methods: A total of 300 medical students of age group 17-23 years were investigated for the presence of flat foot by using navicular drop (ND) test, arch index (AI) and foot posture index (FPI). The data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software.

Results: Prevalence of bilateral flat foot was 11.6% (8.3% were females and 3.3% were males). Unilateral was 3% (2% were females and 1% were males) and the correlation of ND, AI, FPI with gender, age was not significant and with BMI, weight was highly significant.

Conclusions: Our study showed the presence of bilateral flat foot in 11.6% and unilateral in 3% students. Flat foot is associated with BMI, weight and slightly associated with foot length, height and it is not associated with age, gender. Flat foot effected the quality of life and functionality of the students whose BMI is more.



Author Biographies

G. Pavan Kalyan Reddy, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Medical student

Prajakta Kishve, Department of Anatomy, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Professor and Head of the department

Department of Anatomy


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How to Cite

Reddy, G. P. K., & Kishve, P. (2021). Prevalence of flat foot among medical students and its impact on quality of life and functionality. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 9(4), 1082–1089.



Original Research Articles