Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among the married women of reproductive age group in urban slums of Lucknow

Neeti Verma, Prashant K. Bajpai


Background: Despite the availability of a wide range of contraceptive and mass media campaigns and information, education, and communication programs, population control remains a distant dream to achieve. The low use of spacing methods is reflected by early childbearing and short birth intervals. The present study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of different contraceptive methods among married women in the reproductive age group.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 230 married women in the reproductive age group (18-49 years) attending the outpatient department (OPD) of urban health training centre and came mainly from the neighboring slum locality.

Results: We have included a total of 230 participants in the study analysis. Almost all (98.6%) of the study participants had knowledge about at least one method of contraception. If we see the use of contraceptive methods, 163 (70.8%) women ever used any of the contraceptive methods. Less than half (40.9%) had knowledge that contraceptive methods reduce the economic burden on the family. A negative attitude towards the practice of contraception was found among 11.7 percent of women in the study. When asking about present (last 1 year) practice of contraception, 29.1% not practiced any method of contraception, 25.6% used oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), and 27.8% used condoms.

Conclusions: The study reveals good knowledge and favorable attitude of rural couples towards contraception. Contraceptive knowledge and practice were influenced by exposure to family planning messages. Women's education and counselling of couples can play an important role in adopting family planning methods.


Attitude, Contraception, Practices, Urban slum, Women

Full Text:



Pandey S, Karki S, Pradhan A. Practice of contraceptives. J Institute Med Nepal. 2009;31(3):3-9.

Adeyemo AR, Asabi O, Omisore AO. Knowledge and Practice of Contraception among Women of Reproductive Ages in South West, Nigeria. J Eng. 2012;1:70-6.

Anjum S, Durgawale PM, Shinde M. Epidemiological Correlates of Use of Contraceptives Methods and Appraisal of Health Education on Status of Knowledge and Practices among Married Woman. Int J Sci Res. 2014;3(2):203-10.

Rizvi A, Mohan U, Singh SK, Singh VK. Assessment of knowledge of contraceptives and its practice among married women in urban slums of Lucknow district. Indian J Comm Health. 2013;25(1):6-11.

Saluja N, Sharma S, Choudhary S, Gaur D, Pandey S. Contraceptive knowledge, attitudeand practice among eligible couples of rural Haryana. Int J Health. 2009;12(1).

Paudel IS, Budhathoki SS. Unmet needs for family planning inSunsari, Eastern Nepal. Health Renaissance. 2011;9:148-51.

Manandhar N, Singh S, Patowary S, Krishna G. Study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning in an urban area of Bharatpur. JIOM. 2021;28(2):39-2.

Srivastav A, Khan M, Chauhan C. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Contraceptive among Married ReproductiveFemales. Int J Sci Study. 2014;1(5):2-4.

Khan A, Hashmi HA, Naqvi Z. Awareness and practice of contraception among child bearing age women, conducted at Liaquat national medical college and hospital Karachi. J Surg Pak. 2011;16(4):179-82.

Tilahun T, Coene G, Luchters S, Kassahun W, Leye E, Temmerman M, Degomme O. Family planning knowledge, attitude and practice among married couples in JimmaZone, Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e61335.

Bajracharya A. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Contraception among Postpartum Women Attending Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2015;13(52):292-7.

Jammeh SS, Liu CY, Cheng SF, Lee-Hsieh J. Community based study on married couples' family planning knowledge, attitude and practice in rural and urban Gambia. Afr Health Sci. 2014;14(2):273-80.