DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20213081

Prevalence of ABO-Rh positive blood groups in relation to hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus among the male urban population of Deoghar, Jharkhand: a cross sectional study

Heemanshu Shekhar Gogoi, Om Shankar, Mukul Dhenwal

Abstract


Background: Hypertension is the subsequent elevation of the systemic arterial pressure to a level that places the patients at increased risk for target organ damage. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterised by the common phenotype of hyperglycemia due to genetic and metabolic defects in insulin action and/or secretion.

Methods: This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence of ABO-Rh positive blood groups among the male hypertensive and type 2 diabetic urban population of Deoghar. It was a cross-sectional population based study. 356 hypertensive and 425 type 2 diabetic male subjects were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their basal blood pressures were determined using palpatory and auscultatory method. The random blood glucose levels of the subjects were estimated and their blood groups were also determined using slide haemagglutination technique.

Results: Among the hypertensive subjects ‘O’ Rh positive was the most prevalent (41%), followed by ‘B’ Rh positive (34%), ‘A’ Rh positive (17%) and lastly ‘AB’ Rh positive blood group (8%). Again, among the type 2 diabetic subjects ‘B’ Rh positive was most prevalent (45%), followed by ‘O’ Rh positive (36%), ‘A’ Rh positive (12%) and finally ‘AB’ Rh positive blood group (7%).

Conclusions: This study concludes that ‘B’ Rh positive and ‘O’ Rh positive blood groups are more prevalent as compared to other ABO-Rh positive blood groups among the male hypertensive and type 2 diabetic urban population of Deoghar. Thus, the persons belonging to these two blood groups should take adequate precautions since their childhood against these co-morbidities as they are more prone to develop them.


Keywords


Hypertension, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, ABO-Rh, Blood group

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kingue S, Ngoe CN, Menanga AP, Jingi AM, Noubiap JJN, Fasuh B, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in urban areas of Cameroon: A nationwide population-based cross-sectional study. J Clin Hypertens. 2015; 17(10):819-24.

American diabetes association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diab Care. 2013; 36(1):S67-74.

Diabetes, overview, 2021. Available at: https://www.who.int/health-topics/diabetes#tab=tab_ 1. Accessed on 9 June 2021.

Cho NH, Shaw JE, Karuranga S, Huang Y, Fernandes JDR, Ohlrogge AW, et al. IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2017 and projections for 2045. Diab Res Clin Pract. 2018;138: 271-81.

Mohan V, Sandeep S, Deepa R, Shah B, Varghese C. Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes: Indian scenario. Indian J Med Res. 2007;125(3):217-30.

Farhud DD, Yeganeh MZ. A brief history of human blood groups. Iran J Public Health. 2013;42(1):1-6.

Dhot PS, Nair V, Swarup D, Sirohi D, Ganguli P. Cord blood stem cell banking and transplantation. Indian J Pediatr. 2003;70:989-92.

Edgren G, Hjalgrim H, Rostgaard K, Norda R, Wikman A, Melbye M, et al. Risk of gastric cancer and peptic ulcers in relation to ABO blood type: a cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010;172(11):1280-5.

Zhang BL, He N, Huang YB, Song FJ, and Chen KX. ABO blood groups and risk of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prevent. 2014;15(11):4643-50.

Reid ME, Bird GW. Associations between human red cell blood group antigens and disease. Transfusion Med Rev. 1990;4(1):47-55.

Loscertales MP, Brabin BJ. ABO phenotypes and malaria related outcomes in mothers and babies in The Gambia: A role for histo-blood groups in placental malaria. Malaria J. 2006;5:72.

Hein HO, Suadicani P, Gyntelberg F. The Lewis blood group: a new genetic marker of obesity. Int J Obesity. 2005;29(5):540-2.

Nemesure B, Wu SY, Hennis A, Leske MC. Hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and blood groups in a population of African ancestry. Ethnicity and Dis. 2006;16(4):822-9.

Gogoi HS, Bora B. Prevalence of ABO and Rh positive blood groups among the hypertensive male and female populations in greater Guwahati. Asian J Sci Technol. 2016;7(3):2635-41.

Gogoi HS, Bora B. A cross sectional study of prevalence of ABO and Rh positive blood groups among the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women with relation to hypertension in Kamrup (metropolitan) district. J Dent Med Sci. 2016;15(4): 47-50.

O’Donnell JS, Lasffan MA. The relationship between ABO histo-blood group, factor VIII and von Willebrand factor. Transfusion Med. 2001;11:343-51.

Haque KM, Rahman M. An unusual case of ABO-hemolytic disease of the newborn. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin. 2000;26(2):61-4.

Sachdev B. Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among nomad tribe groups. Antrocom J Anthropol. 2011;7(2):181-9.

Abdollahi AA, Qorbani M, Salehi A, Mansourian M. ABO blood groups distribution and cardiovascular major risk factors in healthy population. Iranian J Public Health. 2009;38(3):123-6.

Amirzadegan A, Salarifar M, Sadeghian S, Davoodi G, Darabian C, Goodarzynejad H. Correlation between ABO blood groups, major risk factors and coronary artery disease. Int J Cardiol. 2006;110:256-8.

Egawa N, Lin Y, Tabata T, Kuruma S, Hara S, Kubota K, et al. ABO blood type, long-standing diabetes and the risk of pancreatic cancer. World J Gastroenterol. 2013;19(16):2537-42.

Egesie U, Mbaka N, Egesie O, Ibrahim K. The effect of alcoholism on secretor status of blood groups A and B individuals in Jos, Nigeria. J Med Tropics. 2005;7(2):8-12.

Meo SA, Rouq FA, Suraya F, Zaidi SZ. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016;20:237-42.

Zhang C, Li Y, Wang L, Sun S, Liu G, Leng J, et al. Blood group AB is protective factor for gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective population-based study in Tianjin, China. Diabetes/Metab Res Rev. 2015;31:627-37.

Gogoi HS. A comparative study on blood pressure measurement by automated versus manual mercury sphygmomanometer in the urban population of Deoghar, Jharkhand. Indian J Basic Appl Med Res. 2020;9(4):229-40.

Jassim WE. Association of ABO blood group in Iraqis with hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Eastern Med Health J. 2012;18(8): 888-91.

Waseem AG, Iqbal M, Khan OA, Tahir M. Association of diabetes mellitus with ABO and Rh blood groups. Ann Pakistan Inst Med Sci. 2012;8(2): 134-6.

Karagoz H, Erden A, Ozer O, Esmeray K, Cetinkaya A, Avci D, et al. The role of blood groups in the development of diabetes mellitus after gestational diabetes mellitus. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2015;11: 1613-7.

El-Sayed MIK and Amin HK. ABO blood groups in correlation with hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus type II and essential hypertension. Asian J Pharm Clin Res. 2015;8(5):236-43.

Umadevi B, Roopakala M, Silvia WDC, Kumar PK. Role of von Willebrand factor in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. J Evol of Medical Dent Sci. 2016; 5(81):6075-9.

Dali Sahi M, Aour Metri A, Belmokhtar F, Belmokhtar R, Boazza F. The relationship between ABO/rhesus blood groups and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Maghnia, western Algeria. South African Family Practice. 2011;53(6):568-72.

Kapoor C, Shettar SS; Distribution of Blood Groups among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and their Secretor Status. Indian J Public Health Res Dev. 2012;3(1):66-9.

Langari SH, Bahar A, Asadian L, Abediankenai S, Namazi SS, Kashi Z. Coronary heart disease and ABO blood group in diabetic women: A case-control study. Scientific Reports 2019;9(1):1–6.

Bastard JP, Maachi M, Lagathu C, Kim MJ, Carone M, Vidal H, Capeau J, Feve B. Recent advances in the relationship between obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance. Eur Cytokine Network. 2006;17(1): 4-12.

Das PK, Nair SC, Harris VK, Rose D, Mammen JJ, Bose YN, Sudarsanam A. A Distribution of ABO and Rh–D blood groups among blood donor in a tertiary care centre in South India. Tropical Doctor. 2001; 31(1):47-8.

Khan MN, Khaliq I, Bakhsh A, Akhtar MS, Amin-ud-Din M. Distribution of ABO and Rh D blood groups in the population of Poonch District, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Eastern Mediterr Health J. 2009;15(3):717-21.