Published: 2021-03-26

Anemia in Malagasy hospitalized patients

Marie Ose Michael Harioly Nirina, Anjaramalala Sitraka Rasolonjatovo, Marie Osé Judicael Harioly Nirina, Sitraka Stella Andriamamonjisoa, Andrindrantosoa Rasamoelina, Aimée Olivat Rakoto Alson, Andry Rasamindrakotroka


Background: Anemia is a public health problem with major health consequences. According to the WHO, anemia worldwide is 1.62 billion people (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.50-1.74 billion), which corresponds to 24.8% Of the population (95% CI: 22.9-26.7%).

Methods: We studied the clinical and biological data of hospitalized patients who applied for a complete blood count in hematology laboratory of Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona Antananarivo hospital between January and April 2017.

Results: Sixty-four percent of hospitalized patients had anemia. Anemia was more common in women. Anemia was encountered mainly in intensive care unit (33.9%) and occurred in perioperative cases in the majority of cases (33.4%).

Conclusions: Anemia is a common symptom in hospitals, particularly in intensive care unit. In the Malagasy hospital environment, etiologies are numerous, in particular hemorrhage, sickle cell disease or cancer.


Anemia, Intensive care unit, Perioperative, Hemorrhage, Sickle cell disease, Cancer

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