DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20195644

Diabetic foot ulcer and its surgical management

Darshan J. Lakhani, Jignesh P. Dave, Jignesh K. Ramani, Kartik K. Agrawal, Chirag R. Makadiya, Pradip V. Solanki

Abstract


Background: Almost 80% population of diabetic foot are from low to middle income countries like India, a country with second largest number of diabetic populations. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in India is 9.3%. Lower extremity diseases, including peripheral neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease, and foot ulceration, is twice common in diabetic subjects. the most feared consequence of diabetic foot ulcer is limb amputation, which is seen 10 to 30 times more often in person with diabetes. The objective of this study concentrates on surgical management of diabetic foot ulcer.

Methods: This is an observational prospective study of 100 cases for evaluation of diabetic foot ulcer and its surgical management at P.D.U. Hospital, Rajkot from January 2017 to November 2018.

Results: The average age of presentation is 55.70 year. The male to female ratio was 1.27:1. Most of the patients are from lower middle class and upper lower class according to modified kuppuswamy socioeconomic classification. Most of the patients have duration of diabetes more than 5 years.  Most common microorganism grown from culture was Staphylococcus aureus. This study has higher rate of amputations of 74% due to late presentation and neglected disease due to peripheral neuropathy causes decreased pain sensation. There was no mortality in this study.

Conclusions: Management of diabetic foot ulcer is by multimodal approach with conservative and surgical approaches. Preventive measures, early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention prevents limb amputations in diabetic foot ulcer.


Keywords


Amputations, Diabetic foot ulcer, Diabetes mellitus

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