Estimation of stature from anthropometry of hand: an interesting autopsy based study in Madhya Pradesh, India
Keywords:Hand length, Hand breadth, Stature
Background: Height of a person is an important parameter for the identification. Height or stature estimation is central dogma in anthropo-forensic examination. The human hand, which is the most used and versatile part of the body is of great scientific importance to investigators in the field of anthropometry, forensic pathology, orthopedic surgery and ergonomics. The hand length was found to be the most reliable alternative that can be used as a basis for estimating age-related loss in height. The hand length could also be used to predict body weight status and body surface area independent of the sex of the individual.
Methods: The present cross sectional prospective study was carried out in mortuary of department of Forensic Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College and M.Y. Hospital, Indore (M.P.), India during study period from September 2014 to September 2015. The study was conducted on 250 deceased male and 250 deceased female individuals. The measurements were taken using standard anthropometric measuring instruments in centimeters to the nearest millimeters. All the measurements were recorded on a predesigned pretested proforma. Anthropometric measurements were taken as per the standard protocol.
Results: The mean age of the male and female study subjects was38.472±13.28 years and 34.728±10.33 years respectively. Male to female ratio was 1:1. Mean stature in male subjects was 163.5±5.21 cm. Mean stature in female subjects was 155.69±10.12 cm. In male study subjects, mean hand length on right side was more than mean hand length on left side. In female study subjects, mean hand length on right side was more than on left side. In male study subjects, hand breadth (HB) on right side was more than on left side. Average HB in male subjects was 8.39±0.203 cm. In female study subjects, hand breadth on right side was more than on left side.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study can be used as baseline information for other population based studies in the study area.
Krishan K, Sharma A. Estimation of stature from dimensions of hands and feet in a North Indian population. J Forensic Legal Med. 2007;14:327-32.
Dayal MR, Styen M, Kuykendall KL. Stature estimation from bones of South African Whites. South African J Sci. 2008;104:124-8.
Auerbach BM, Ruff CB. Human body mass estimation: a comparison of morphometric and mechanical methods. Am J Physical Anthro. 2004;125:331-42.
Amirsheybani HR, Crecelius GM, Timothy NH, Pfeiffer M, Saggers GC, Manders EK. The natural history of growth of hand. Part I: hand area as a percentage of body surface area. Plastic and Reconstruct Sur. 2000;107(3):726-33.
Bidmos MA. Evaluation of accuracy of direct and indirect methods in stature reconstruction. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;192(1-3):131.
Gauld, RF and Rakhir SM. The prediction of stature from hand length. J Crime Criminalistic. 1996;8:79-8.
Ebite MN, Frisher KR. Predicting stature through hand length. J Crime Criminalistic. 2000;52:23-7.
Abdel MAK, Ahmad MS, Hamid NMA. Prediction of stature from hand measurements. Forens Sc Int. 1990;46:181-7.
Sanli SG, Kizilkanat ED. Stature estimation based on hand length and foot length. J Clinic Anatomy. 2005;18(8):589-96.
Gautam B. Review of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 2nd Edition, Jaypee brothers Medical Publisher (P) Ltd; 20112:62.
KrishanV. Textbook of forensic medicine and toxicology. 4th edition. Elsevier Publisher, Reed Elsevier India private ltd; 2009:48-50.
Agrawal J. Estimation of stature from hand length and length of phalanges. J Evolution Med Dental Sci. 2013;2(50):9651-6.
Pal A, Aggarwal P, Bharati S, Madhusmita P, Indra D, Roy P. Anthropometric measurements of the hand length and their correlation with the stature in Eastern Indian population. National J Med Research.2014;4(4):303-5.
Pandey N. Estimation of stature from dimensions of hand in medical students. Int J Sci Stud. 2015;3(1):35-8.
Chandra A, Chandna P, Deswal S, Mishra RK, Kumar R. Stature prediction model based on hand anthropometry. Int J Med Health Biomed Bioeng Pharma Eng. 2015;9(2):201-7.
Kumar T, Singh V. A preliminary report on hand preference with hand length, hand breadth and shape indices and its role in sexual dimorphism. Int J Recent Trends Sci Techno. 2015;14(2):308-15.
Sunil, Dikshit PC, Aggrawal A, Rani M. Estimation of stature from hand length. J Ind Acad Forensic Med. 2005:27(4):219-21.
Geetha GN. Estimation of stature from hand and foot measurements in a rare tribe of Kerala state in India. J Clinic Diag Research.2015;9(10):1-4.
Ozaslan A, Karadayi B, Kolusayin MO, Kaya A, Afsin H. Predictive role of hand and foot dimension in stature estimation. Rom J Leg Med. 2012;20:41-6.
Patel JP, Patel BG, Shah RK, Bhojak RN, Desai JN. Estimation of stature from hand length in gujrat region. NHL J Med Sci. 2014;3(1):41-4.
Ilayperuma I, Nanayakkara G, Palahepitiya N. Prediction of personal stature based on the hand length. Galle Med J. 2009;14(1):15-8.
Habib SR, Kamal NN. Stature estimation from hand and phalanges lengths of Egyptians. J Legal Forensic Med. 2010;13(3):156-60.
Islam M, Sarma HP. Anthropometric measurement of the hand length and their correlation with the stature of ethnic tribal adults males of Tripura. J Evid Med Healthcare.2014;1(13):1589-94.
Choudhary S, Singh H, Gupta N. Estimation of stature from combined length of forearm and hand in Jammu region of India. Int J Basic Applied Sci. 2014;3(1):8-10.
Davies BT, Benson AK, Courtney A, Minto I. A comparison of hand anthropometry of females in the three ethnic groups. Ergonomics. 1980;23:183-4.