Published: 2021-02-25

Factors affecting self-efficacy against hypertension self-care in hypertension patients: a scoping review

Noni Widiawatie, Fitria Handayani, Mochamad Ali Sobirin


Hypertension is called the "silent killer" some individuals with hypertension are not aware of this problem and may even have no warning signs or symptoms. Low self-efficacy has referred to chronic disease self-care that individuals engage in various forms of hypertension self-care behavior. This scoping review aims to determine the factors that affect self-efficacy of hypertension self-care in hypertension patients. This study used a scoping review to identify factors that influence self-efficacy on hypertension self-care in hypertensive patients. Search relevant studies using a database: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Academic Search Ultimate, Francies Taylor, Sciencedirect and Google scholar. Inclusion criteria patient with hypertension, age >40 years with a span of 2011 to 2020. Factors that influence self-efficacy are intentional non-adherence, (β=-0.02, p=0.031), low adherence to treatment (β=-0.05, p=0.017), effectiveness of doctor communication (β=0.11), p<0.001), positive beliefs about treatment (β=0.13 p<0.001), and social support (β=0.05, p<0.001). These factors serve as basic data in the development of further research in the prevention of stroke risk, with hypertension management capabilities.


Self-efficacy, Hypertension, Hypertension self-care

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